From externality to inputs and interference: framing environmental research in geography
© Royal Geographical Society.

The academic discipline of Geography is split into two main sub-areas: Physical Geography, and Human Geography.

From a spatial perspective Physical Geography looks at the natural world through a scientific lens and Human Geography looks at humans and human culture through a social sciences lens.


Atlas of the Pacific Northwest (2019 OSU Libraries & Press)
Fully-interactive online regional map.

Reference Sources

Search these resources for background information

Credo Topics: Geography. Academic background information for your research.

FilmsOnDemand: Geography

 Scholarly Journals

    Available Top Academic Journals

    Essays on geographical issues such as place, space, landscape, scale, human- environment relations, uneven development, boundaries, borders and connections.

    Economic Geography
    Internationally focused, publishes research that makes theoretical advances to the discipline.

    The Professional Geographer
    The focus of this journal is on short articles in academic or applied geography, emphasizing empirical studies and methodologies. A journal of the American Association of Geographers.

    Progress in Human Geography
    Topic areas around human geography research – philosophical, theoretical, thematic, methodological or empirical.

    Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers      
    An international journal of geographical research.

    Global Environmental Change
    Advances knowledge about the human and policy dimensions of global environmental change. The journal interprets global environmental change to mean the outcome of processes that are manifest in localities, but with consequences at multiple spatial, temporal and socio-political scales.

    Political Geography
    Promoting international and interdisciplinary communication. Examples include, but are not limited to: critical, feminist, electoral, identity, environmental and economic geopolitics.


    The study of and creation of maps, informed by the study of graphic design and human perception and cognition (a thorough History of Cartography is available from the University of Chicago Press).

    Finding Online Maps


    Interactive Maps – U.S. Census Bureau
    Work with interactive mapping tools from across the Census Bureau.

    The National Map – U.S. Geological Survey

    Library of Congress General Map Collections
    Digitized maps from the Library of Congress.

    Map History
    Everything about the history of maps including old maps, early maps and non-current maps in general. Maintained by Tony Campbell.

    WorldWind – NASA
    WorldWind is a free, open source API for a virtual globe. WorldWind allows developers to quickly and easily create interactive visualizations of 3D globe, map and geographical information.

    Finding Maps @ the Library

    The library houses a collection of maps you can check out such as:

    • Flat Maps: Located by the Circulation Desk
    • Rolled Maps: Mainly for classroom use but are available upon request.  Please ask for assistance.
    • Folded Maps: Shelved in the Stacks. 

    GIS Icon from the Noun ProjectGIS – Geographic Information Systems

    In recent years GIS have been added to the geographer’s repertoire. GIS uses computers as a tool for analyzing spatial data. GIS data can also be used in cartography.

    Try! QGIS – A free and open source Geographic Information System.

    Spatial Thinking in Planning Practice: An Introduction to GIS” from Portland State University Library.

    GIS Data Sources





    Keeping Up With … Geography

    TED Talks | Geography

    University of Oxford: School of Geography and the Environment Podcasts

    These online audio resources consist of lectures, seminars and interviews from the School of Geography and the Environment at the University of Oxford.

    A VerySpatial Podcast (Geography… in Stereo): “your weekly source for information on Geography and geospatial technologies. Geography touches most things we do everyday and geospatial technologies are taking over the world. This podcast seeks to point out how geo is filtering into our digital lives and daily lives.”

    The Geo Quiz: from PRI’s The World challenges your knowledge of people and places, geography and culture. Created by journalists in the newsroom, each Geo Quiz question comes with its own answer, a fascinating report or interview that reveals a mystery location. Subscribe to the podcast.

    Recommended Blog

    Images links to Library of Congress Map Blog. Decorative.